Pdf theory of bureaucracy in organization alex keya. Characteristics of the bureaucratic model fixed division of labor and specialization all responsibilities in an organization are specialized, with each area having a specific set of official duties and rights employees in the area have the expertise to carry out the task. Dimensions of bureaucracy bureaucracy has been defined in many ways. A bureaucratic structure has both advantages and disadvantages. This system is called rational because, in it the means are expressly designed to achieve certain specific ends. Organizational performance, bureaucracy, weberian structures, leadership style.
The bureaucratic structure cannot ac commodate the diversity of external inputs needed for a democratic school system. A bureaucratic organization is a form of management that has a pyramidal command structure. In summary, the broad outline of the universitys political system looks like this. According to the bureaucratic theory of max weber, bureaucracy is the basis for the systematic formation of any organisation and is designed to ensure efficiency and economic effectiveness.
His model of bureaucracy is also known as weberian model of bureaucracy. It is an ideal model for management and its administration to bring an organisations power structure into focus. Bureaucratic structures and processes reflected what weber took to be the dominant cognitive orientation of modern societies. Bureaucracy is the administrative structure and set of regulations in place to control rationalize, render effective and professionalize activities, usually in large organizations and government1. Pdf the concept of bureaucracy by max weber researchgate. Weberian model of bureaucracy, the ethical attributes of the good. Pdf bureaucracy is a widely disseminated concept in sociology and in. Rationality, of course, is a loaded word with a multiplicity of meanings, so it is important to be clear on what weber meant by. Bureaucracy is the organizational expression of modern legalrational authority.
Theory of bureaucracy in organization max weber 18641920 a german sociologist theorized about an ideal type of organisation structure which he called a. The extrinsic reward system stimulates conformity rather than innovation. Defined by four specific features including a clear hierarchy and a rigid division of labor, a bureaucracy can provide stability and security, while discouraging favoritism. Bureaucracy is a pattern of ordering and specifying relationships among personnel in an organization.
These relationships are based on ration ality, with authority being vested in a position rather than in an individual. The bureaucratic theory is related to the structure and administrative process of the organization and is given by max weber, who is regarded as the father of bureaucracy. Bureaucratic structures and organizational performance academic. The term bureaucracy means the rules and regulations, processes, procedures, patterns, etc. German socialist max weber 18641920 made a theory of ideal bureaucracy that bureaucratic organizations or bureaucrats have occurred due to webers theory note. A recent essay by frank burke decried the lack of a. Alternatively, this type of structure can hinder productivity. Freedom at work in the age of post bureaucratic organization. Historically, max weber is the most important exponent of bureaucracy. Organization an organization is not a structure or a set of plans and processes. In the organization i studied, however, volunteers adopted, accepted and acclaimed bureaucratic organizing as the only, natural and selfevident way of making the grassroots work.77 1221 315 645 702 660 264 1175 623 314 139 863 469 270 1570 765 773 1219 499 1511 73 505 1042 1402 1352 523 332 1129 9 228 678 384 1401 1398 1344