Antiochus epiphanes was a greek tryant of the 2nd century b. Antiochus synonyms, antiochus pronunciation, antiochus translation, english dictionary definition of antiochus. Antiochus certainly did not wax exceeding great towards the south daniel 8. Antiochus is not known to have interfered in the religious life of his subjects except in judea see morkholm, antiochus iv, p. Search for library items search for lists search for contacts search for a library. He conquered many countries and strong kings, destroying their castles, setting fire to their palaces, and capturing their soldiers. His conquests were grand, but he still didnt compare with king alexander. Antiochus son of antiochus iii the great wikipedia. Jan 12, 20 antiochus iv epiphanes was the son of antiochus iii and he ruled the seleucid empire from 175 b. In an amazing display of prophetic revelation, daniel the prophet, several centuries earlier, had detailed some of the exploits of this political monster. Refusing to bow before roman demands, antiochus energetically mobilized against roman invasion, but was again decisively defeated at the epic battle of magnesia.
Waltke, antiochus iv epiphanes, in the international standard bible encyclopedia, 1. Antiochus iv, antiochus epiphanes international standard. Its most important member was antiochus iii, known as the great, who conquered much of asia minor but was defeated. The pergamene king eumenes ii soter refuses an alliance. He proved himself a, isbn 9781848844636 buy the antiochus the great ebook.
One may read this passage and think that seleucus sent his son. Antiochus reconquers seleucia the port of antioch, which had been conquered by ptolemy iii in the third syrian war and proceeds to the south, capturing tyre. He attempted to impose hellenic culture on the jews and thus precipitated the rebellion of the maccabees. He is best known for his rebellion against antiochos iii, which allowed him to become. The encounter of simon the just with antiochus the great 3 scientific culture, vol. Antiochus epiphanes comparison to antichrist double. Antiochus was the first seleucid king to use divine epithets on coins, perhaps inspired by the bactrian hellenistic kings who had earlier done so, or else building on the ruler cult that his father antiochus the great had codified within the seleucid empire. This is a readable history of the reign of antiochus iii the great ruler of the seleucid state founded by seleukos nikator, one of the successor generals of alexander the great, who went a good way to recreating alexanders empire before his death. Pdf the seleukid empire of antiochus iii 223 187 bc.
Introduction the roman diplomatic confrontation with antiochus iii conclusion hegemonic war, ii. Antiochos iii the great 2432187 was antiochos inherited an empire that was the sixth king of the seleucid empire. Achaios, the son of andromachos, was a kinsman and general of seleukos iii keraunos and antiochos iii megas. The encounter of simon the just with antiochus the great. Antiochus the great free books epub truepdf azw3 pdf. Antiochus iv epiphanes biography facts, childhood, life. Such things as wine, oil, incense, wheat, wood, salt, etc.
He received this name after he stopped the gauls from overrunning asia minor. The second volume in john graingers history of the seleukid empire is devoted to the reign of antiochus iii. Early career encyclopedia britannica antiochus was the. With fragmentation in the kingdom bactria and parthia and threats of this spreading to media, persia, and asia minor, his order was consolidation and. Antiochus was of greek macedonian and persian descent. The tobiad family naturally favored egypt, and through their influence jerusalem did not fall into the power of antiochus. Daniels prediction involves the rise of antiochus to power, the conflicts of antiochus with egypt i. His rule lasted for a little over a decade, between 175 bc and 164 bc.
The aim of the paper is to analyse the king antiochus iv epiphanes actions in jerusalem and his supposed involvement in the jewish state. Pdf the seleucid imperial court under antiochus iii the. Although we will endure great persecution, that will only happen for a brief period in comparison with the joy of eternity that awaits us. This article will discuss exactly what some of the scriptures in daniel 11 foretold, and how they were fulfilled. Antiochus the great isbn 9781848844636 pdf epub michael. Antiochus visits nisibis and suppresses the revolt of molon in media and persis 219. By 210 antiochus arranged for the succession by installing his son, antiochus elder brother of antiochus iv, as coregent of the empire parker and dubberstein, chronology, p. A teenage king in 223 bc, antiochus iii inherited an empire in shambles, ravaged by civil strife and eroded by territorial secessions. Too often remembered only as the man who lost to the romans at magnesia, antiochus is here revealed as one of the most powerful and capable rulers of the age. Roman policies towards antiochus iii and the greeks from. Conquest of thrace, which is governed by antiochus son seleucus 194. Late in 210 the king launched his eastern campaign for which he achieved world fame and his honorific title the great. The rise of rome to paramount power in the mediterranean basin is quite correctly one of the major preoccupations of historical studies. Introduction o n a cold, damp morning in the autumn of 190 bc, twentyfive thousand roman and italian soldiers were ordered to march out of their fortified.
Antiochus was weak and was tributary to the romans. Antiochus iv epiphanes was the eighth in a succession of twentysix kings who ruled from 175 164 bc over the syrian section of alexander s empire. Second, we can have hope that the antichrist will only last for a short period of time. When the jews expressed their outrage over the profaning of the temple, antiochus responded by slaughtering a great number of the jews and selling others into slavery. Download pdf the seleukid empire of antiochus iii 223 187 bc book full free. Antiochus iv given the fact that god uses antiochus iv to prefigure the person and reign of the antichrist, we are well advised to ponder the ignoble career of that intertestamental conqueror. Despite the loss of territory and prestige enshrined in the subsequent peace of apamea, antiochus iii left the seleucid empire in far better condition than he found it. Antiochus epiphanes and herod the great published march 24, 2018 by amaic the jewish uprising that began in 167 b. God manifest also called antiochus epimanes the mad, born c. Antiochus iv, antiochus epiphanes epiphanes, epifanaz, illustrious.
The second son of seleucus ii and his wife laodice. Mar 31, 2020 in an act of brazen disrespect, antiochus raided the temple in jerusalem, stealing its treasures, setting up an altar to zeus, and sacrificing swine on the altar. The seleukid empire of antiochus iii 223 187 bc available for download and read online in oth. It was recognized as independent by the romans in 70, but little of its subsequent history is known. The story of the man who ruled a sprawling ancient empire and strove to defend it against the roman republic. Daniels prophecy of antiochus iv epiphanesextremely. Dec 19, 2012 antiochus i was also called antiochus i soter or antiochus the savior. But he proved himself a true heir of alexanderdefeating rebel armies and embarking on a campaign of conquest and reunification. After his fathers defeat by the romans in 190189, he served as hostage for his father in rome from 189 to 175, where he learned to admire roman institutions and policies. Antiochus epiphanes is important in the world history and the bible because he is a picture of one coming to the nation of israel. When antiochus said he would think about the romans demand the roman drew a circle in the sand around antiochus and. He was the son of seleucus i who had founded the seleucid dynasty. It had practically ceased to exist in the 5th century a.
Early career encyclopedia britannica antiochus was the third son of antiochus iii the great. He is famous for almost conquering egypt and for his brutal persecution of the jews, which precipitated the maccabean revolt. This man was so evil that he made herod the great look like a great humanitarian by comparison. Antiochus attempted to restore alexanders empire to its former greatness, and the magnitude of this undertaking earn. He was a great and mighty king, a powerful ruler whom all the kings obeyed. Pdf on jan 1, 2012, rolf strootman and others published antiochos iii the great find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. He then returned to the western half of his empire to take on the egyptians in syria once again. Antiochuss personality was as puzzling to many ancients as it is to moderns. Jason jackson discusses some of daniels stunning predictions in this. Antiochus epiphanes comparison to antichrist double reference prophecy by larry cockerham when it comes to the larger picture, these two periods of persecution leading up to the first and second coming of christ are portrayed in both the exploits of antiochus iv as well as those of the coming antichrist.
On behalf of antiochus iv, andronicus kills the young king antiochus 170168. Antiochus epiphanes, the seleucid king who imposed a series of religious limitations on the jews, and considered the villain of the traditional story of chanukah. The little horn and 2,300 days of daniel 8 was fulfilled. Antiochus definition of antiochus by the free dictionary. A great number of the jews were of the opinion that seleucid rule was to be preferred to the egyptian, since the yoke of egypt had been severely felt in recent years in the shape of the pitiless taxation of the tobiads. Antiochus iv epiphanes was a king from the seleucid dynasty, which ruled the hellenistic syrian empire. Antiochus of ascalon stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. However, it remains to be seen whether he did all the things against the temple that daniel 8 says the little horn did. We know he became the great because walked a long way into central asia with some pointy sticks, which he then stuck into the local people. Antiochus attempted to restore alexanders empire to its former greatness, and the magnitude of this undertaking earned antiochus the name megas, the great. He was one of the selucids, who in succession to alexander the great, built a kingdom in syria. Sheffield academic press, 1999, 12223 agrees that seleucus iv, demetrius and antiochus seem to be the three but considers. Antiochus iv and the three horns in daniel 7 journal of hebrew.
Antiochus considered palestine as a portion of his seleucid dominion, invaded the land, and seized a large number of its fortified places. Antiochus iii of the seleucid empire of syria amazing. Antiochus iv epiphanes is one of the greatest types of the antichrist in the old testament. He ruled over the region of syria and large parts of the rest of western asia towards the end of the 3rd century bc. Antiochus epiphanes was a greek king of the seleucid empire who reigned over syria from 175 bc until 164 bc. We can learn from the time of antiochus iv epiphanes to anticipate what sort of persecution we will meet in the end times. The great abomination sermon by shawn drake, matthew 24. Alexander the great may have reig ned supreme for only a short time,but he 10bruce k. He was a vicious enemy of the jewish people, outlawing judaism and descrating the sacred hebrew temple. Antiochus the great married laodice, the daughter of. Antiochus was a member of the greekspeaking seleucid dynasty and was the son and potential successor of antiochus iii the great, and as such he became a political hostage of the roman republic following the treaty of apamea in 188 bc. The attitude of antiochus was especially favorable to the temple.
Grainger pdf the second volume in john graingers history of the seleukid empire is devoted to the reign of antiochus iii. Meanwhile, there are a number of arguments from daniel 8 against equating antiochus iv with the little horn. Antiochus i, syria amazing bible timeline with world history. Antiochus is the main antagonist in the war against the jews that culminated in the events that are now celebrated as hanukkah. They apply the 1 day 1 year to the prophecy to say it was 2,300 years, but that principle doesnt always apply. Antiochus 221193 bc was a seleucid prince, firstborn child to the seleucid monarchs antiochus iii the great and laodice iii, and his fathers first heir. Seleucid king of the hellenistic syrian empire from 223 b. The conflicts accompanying the accession of antiochus iii reveal that hellenistic kings were not automatically in control of their own court societies. Onthe contrary, antiochus by his orders strengthenedthe priests power,exemptedthem from t axes and gave tothe commandmentsof the torahthevalidityofofficial law. Antiochus epiphanes came to the scene as man of peace about 175 b. Son of antiochus iii who became king after his brother, seleucus iv, had been murdered by heliodorus. Antiochus s shy, retiring nature extended to his exploits or, more particularly, his records of them.
Both in sacred and profane literature it is recorded that, during the last illness of various eminent persons, the fatal issue was accelerated, and the circumstances of death made extremely repulsive, by parasites infesting the body to such an extent as to give the impression. Ariarathes iv eusebes of cappadocia marries to antiochis. In 210 bc, his father made him joint king, when antiochus iii went off to the east on his great expedition. His march to 9he south to egypt was stopped by the mere word of an unarmed roman officer.
The maccabean revolt by mark perkins, pastor, front range bible church, denver, co usa syria had one incredibly evil ruler by the name of antiochus epiphanes. Antiochus iv builds a navy against the terms of the peace of apamea and conquers cyprus and large parts of egypt and presents himself as protector of ptolemy vi. What we know of him comes from polybius histories, a. Pdf the aim of the paper is to analyse the king antiochus iv epiphanes actions in jerusalem and his supposed involvement in the jewish state. Jagersma, however, asserts that it was in 177 bc when antiochus iv was set free in exchange for demetrius, and that he settled for a time in athens.
Pdf antiochus iv epiphanes and the jews a reassessment. Books of the maccabees, the ancient jewish works in which the events of the maccabean revolt are recorded. The roman empire is, after all, the major element in ancient history, the hinge between ancient and medieval, and its influence is with us still. After the death of the great greek conqueror alexander the great in 323 b. Antiochus iv epiphanes is a moderately important bible character, even though he doesnt even appear in many versions of the bible. His brother, king seleucus iv, exchanged him for demetrius, the son. This end times deception bible study will cover the prophecies of the little horn and the 2,300 days in daniel 8 sda, seventh day adventist, pastors teach that the prophecy in daniel 8 is about 2,300 years, which occurred from 457 b. The name epiphanes means the illustrious one, although his contemporaries nicknamed him epimanes, meaning. Antiochus 3 iii, megas the great, seleucid king, c. Rome and antiochus the great, 200188 bc rome enters the greek east wiley online library. The third son of antiochus iii, antiochus iv succeeded his brother seleucus iv as ruler of the seleucid. The decree closes with the kings command to his general to set free all jewish prisoners.
Translated and produced by it happened in the days of antiochus1, king of greece2. Epiphanes name means, god made manifest, but others called him epimanes madman. It was of great importance in the struggle between the seleucids and the ptolemies. Antiochus son of antiochus iii the great antiochus 221 bc193 bc was a seleucid prince, firstborn child to the seleucid monarchs antiochus iii the great and laodice iii, and his fathers first heir. As a ruler he was best known for his encouragement of greek culture and institutions. This is a readable history of the reign of antiochus iii the great ruler of the seleucid state founded by seleukos nikator, one of the successor generals of alexander the great, who went a good way to. Pdf antiochus iii the great 2012 rolf strootman academia.
Ptolemy vi philometor who is too young to rule attacks the seleucid empire. Antiochus of ascalon first published tue mar 1, 2005. Antiochus iv rules amazing bible timeline with world history. There sprang from these a sinful offshoot, antiochus epiphanes, son of. This is a direct continuation from antiochus and ptolemy wars. After reclaiming lost lands in this region, he became known as king antiochus the great. Antiochus iii the great, byname antiochus the great, greek antiochus megas, born 242 bce died 187, near susa, iran, seleucid king of the hellenistic syrian empire from 223 bce to 187, who rebuilt the empire in the east but failed in his attempt to challenge roman ascendancy in europe and asia minor. Even though antiochus initially succeeded in rearranging the social composition of his court, he. The critics insist that this was fulfilled in the turbulent days of the maccabees in 168165 b.1391 1345 868 52 825 111 175 1378 268 331 763 1170 825 659 23 1238 475 446 204 416 527 1463 1489 503 787 74 138 815 848 1192 1150 1314 1107 299 983 1410 340 33 123 945 490 203