The programs multidisciplinary curriculum examines the causes, practices, and consequences of violence as well as peaceful or nonviolent methods of conflict management, resolution,and transformation. The institute for peace and conflict resolution ipcr was established in february, 2000 under the ministry of foreign affairs. One of the core questions is how conflicts arise and how violent and nonviolent conflicts can be solved. Peace and conflict resolution is a multidisciplinary field that analyses causes of war.
This seven year conflict and humanitarian crisis in the north has killed 20,000 and displaced 2. Many of such insurgents had escaped into the scattered dense forests of the northwest states. The peace and conflict studies program has leading faculty who are experts in areas such as social organizing and nonviolent action, understanding terrorism, religion and democracy, responses to genocide, conflict in the middle east, northern ireland, and other regional disputes. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. National open university of nigeria peace studies and. Introduction nigeria being the most populous african nation is still battling with different challenges ranging from political tensions to religious and tribal violent conflicts. This study follows all ethical practices during writing. Department of history and international studies, university of ilorin, p. Since after the civil war, nigeria has attempted to build a sense of social cohesion and togetherness amongst its diverse populations. Bellicose conflict over natural resources has an ancient history, but in the same decades that mark the emergence then expansion of peace studies, terms like water security and food security have become familiar. Peace and conflict studies at university of ibadan available. The history of peace and conflict studies in nigeria global peace. South africa, pretoria city is great place of this kind of signature conference as a scientific research conference organizers, the global academic research institute gari proudly present 03 rd international conference on peace and conflict management icpcm 2020 in professional collaboration with awesome impact media under the theme of religion, conflict and reconciliation.
Development and peace has been implementing development projects in nigeria since 1974. Conflict is a great predicament in any human society, and most times, it is predictable. Introduction education, as it is widely acknowledge, is the best legacy that parents, state or country can ever transmit to children, youths or citizens. Where liberal peace means liberalizing state institutions, what tends to result is corruption, africa peace and conflict journal, 4. Youth development and conflict resolution in nigeria eric. Conflict profile nigeria suffers a variety of complex political problems including inequality, corruption, oil disputes, national disunity, and the boko haram insurgency. Despite the governments announcement in 2016, that the group had been crushed, attacks have continued throughout 2017. Since 1991, the american psychological association has included the society for the study of peace, conflict, and violence. Get free project topics and research materials in education, history, international relations, management and sciences. In fact, history indicates that conflict is an ongoing process in human relations and may occur within and among groups and communities at.
A variation on this, peace studies irenology, is an interdisciplinary effort aiming at the. Conflict resolution strategy is, thus, a method developed for peaceful and amicable means of. Peace and conflict studies topics cover war crimes, human rights, multilateral. History of peace studies peace, conflict, and social justice. Resourcesreports, upcoming conferences and workshops, notices of new books and videos, ecommunications, and web sites that link to peace and conflict studies 150 words maxi. The historical antecedents of such regular clashes in some. Issues in peace studies and conflict resolution is a fifteenchapter material with nigerian contributors from different callings. Learning from african experiences the role of religion in peace and conflict in nigeria free ebook on introduction to peace and conflict studies in nigeria history of nigeria pdf history of film. The ma in peace, conflict and development studies provides an advanced understanding of the interrelationships between conflict, development, security, and governance in developing, fragile, transitional andor conflict affected regions and countries. Johan galtung is a professor of peace studies and the founder and codirector of tran scend.
List of nongovernmental organizationsngos in nigeria. Conflict resolution in peace and conflict studies definition. He is the founder of the international peace research institute, oslo, and of the journal of peace research. At levels from the interpersonal to the global, the peace and conflict studies program at swarthmore college provides opportunities to study conflict and peacemaking in many forms. The institute for peace and conflict resolutionipcr was established in february, 2000. The report is sponsored by the united states institute of peace usip, which has a longterm commitment to peacebuilding in africa. Born in oslo, norway, he has doctorates in mathematics and sociology. Ethnic and political unrest continued throughout the 1990s despite the return to democracy clarification needed and the election of the obasanjo.
Conflicts in northern nigeria have been predominantly ethnoreligious. Peace and conflict studies programme university of ibadan. Students interested in peace studies may major in a traditional discipline and take an interdisciplinary concentration in peace studies, or fulfill the requirements for a selfdesigned major in peace studies. Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts, with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition. The study examined the services offered by academic libraries in conflict resolution, identified the media through which academic libraries offer their services and the problems encountered by academic libraries in rendering conflict resolution services.
Peace and conflict studies is fascinating because it delves into some of the quintessential questions concerning human relations the result of behaviour, cooperation and conflict. Pdf since the end of second world war, rigorous approaches to study of peace. Nigeria suffers a variety of complex political problems including inequality, corruption, oil disputes, national disunity, and the boko haram insurgency this seven year conflict and humanitarian crisis in the north has killed 20,000 and displaced 2. The centre for conflict management and peace studies at the university of jos is also one of the earliest peace and conflict studies programmes in nigeria. Peace, conflict and development university of bradford. The institute is under the ministry of foreign affairs and is primarily a research centre, a thinktank and an agency to strengthen nigerias capacity for the promotion of peace and. International conference on peace and conflict management. However, scholars and practitioners of environmental studies have always studied environment and conflict in isolation. Implications for national security ushe mike ushe, ph.
The role of religion in mozambique, nigeria and cambodia. Impact of ebanking on operational performance and service quality of some selected banks in nigeria. Peace and conflict studies at university of ibadan available post graduate programmes, university of ibadan 4 comments following a comment submission made by one of our site users on courses offered by ui, we wish to inform prospective students that peace and conflict studies university of ibadan is approved by the national universities. The history of peace and conflict studies in nigeria. They have forged a transdisciplinary and professional identity distinct from security studies, political science and international relations. The current conflict in the niger delta first arose in the early 1990s over tensions between foreign oil corporations and a number of the niger deltas minority ethnic groups who feel they are being exploited, particularly the ogoni and the ijaw.
The population comprised academic libraries in nigeria. Curbing violent extremism through peacebuilding in nigeria. Effects of integrating peace education in the nigeria. About the author john paden is currently clarence robinson professor of international studies at george mason university and earlier served in nigeria as professor of public administration at.
Handbook of peace and conflict studies mahatma gandhi. Washington, dc 20037 united states institute of peace. The end of some historical conflicts has taken place in a context of slight. Peacebuilding includes early warning and response efforts, violence prevention, conflict resolution, peace advocacy, civilian and military peacekeeping, military. Past experiences, present challenges and new directions. Youll gain the understanding and skills you need to pursue or develop a career in what is.
Third, that peace negotiation is most unlikely to succeed with boko haram insurgents, since they do not have the capacity to lead a provincial government, after disavowing terrorism. Old peoples support international total care unit ven dr. D school of arts and social sciences,national open university of nigeria,lagos. Introduction to peace and conflict studies in west africa. His 205 comparative world revolutions since 1900 2. These events constitute factors that have been negatively. Somalia conflict analysis a holistic approach to attaining sustainable peace abstract the somalia conflict is rooted in issues of identity, war culture, external influences, struggle over power and resources, and a lack of social, economic and political infrastructure. Peacebuilding, crisis prevention and conflict management. Boko haram insurgency and the counterterrorism policy in.
Some elect to do a double major in one of the traditional fields and peace studies. Pdf introduction to peace and conflict studies sara. The centre, which began academic programmes in 2003, offers postgraduate diplomas and masters degrees in peace and conflict studies and is arguably the first university in northern. Sometimes, it leads to peace while at other times contributes to conflict outbreak in nigeria.
Its objective is primarily a research centre, a thinktank and an. Nigeria has been involved in conflict resolution since 1963. The clergy, culture, and political conflicts in nigeria. Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and. Peace and conflict studies topics cover war crimes, human rights, multilateral peackeeping. This study strongly recommends that to checkmate the threat posed by boko haram insurgents, government should treat them like terrorists rather than freedom fighters. The sustainability and success of a peace process greatly depends on the peace building mechanisms and activities that will follow the signing of a peace agreement. The history of ethnicity and ethnic conflicts in nigeria is also traced back to the colonial transgressions that forced the ethnic groups of the northern and southern provinces to become an entity called nigeria in 1914. Origin and development of conflict resolution 39 was another important peace researcher focused to research in the field of conflict resolution. The centre, which began academic programmes in 2003, offers postgraduate diplomas and masters degrees in peace and conflict studies and is arguably the first university in northern nigeria to offer courses in peace and conflict studies. Nigerias institute of peace and conflict resolution. Abstract the persistent religious conflicts and insecurity in nigeria has given meaningful nigerians. Over the years, environmental problems have taken centre stage in nigerian history.744 1327 1365 631 871 770 1568 1549 1233 1349 1276 1287 18 591 917 1355 1372 430 1141 1487 493 381 61 798 231 1430 431 172 398 896 1322 1113